Technical Information about Pinball2000:
Version 3.05 update battery

Here you find general technical information about Pinball2000.
General Troubleshooting infos can be found on  the Pinball2000 troubleshooting pages.
Specific items about RFM or EP1 can be found on the specific RFM/Ep1 Techpages RFMEp1

RFM and EP1  use the new WMS Pinball2000 technologie, the successor of the famous Williams WPC system . The game main control is done by a BAT format PC mainboard with Cyrix MediaGX processor (onboard graphics used!!). The Software and the DCS-2 sound hardware is located on the so called PRISM board - a Williams development which is a PCI card located in the only used PCI slot of that mainboard. For a good HW picture see Pin2000 Programm Update in German .  The control functions of lamps, switches and Solenoids are located on a new power driver board, that is mounted in the cabinet and connected to the parallel port of the PC mainboard. Additional tech info in german can be found under  Pinball2000 Technische Informationen. Many information about the PIN2000 operating system, XINA, can be found at  Jack A. Robinsons Revenge from Mars Notes
 

Technical Details:

 The PRISM Card
 Game Software Update
 The Media GX PC Mainbord and CPU
 The Pinball2000 Monitor
 The Pinball2000 Powerdriver
 The Coin Acceptor
 The Service Concept
 Pinball2000 Game Swap (RFM/Ep1)
 

The PRISM Card:

It includes 8 game specific WMS ROMs that contain the images and other fixed parts like a first code boot version  You might read them out when you have an EPROM Programmer capable to read 27C322 (32MBit) and even the double size of these EPROMs (64MBit). Unfortunately the biggest available EPROMs are 27C322 (42 pin EPROM) and they cost about 85$ each. On some SWE1 games one EPROM can be found as a ROM replacement, but only for the 32Mbit ROMs, not for the 64MBit ones. There exists no replacement for 64MBit ROMs. Additionally the PRISM contains  flash PROMs for the update sound and game code and several ASICs for the PCI-control, the DCS-2 Soundhardware (signal processor DSP) and some glue logic. There also houses a Li-battery (BR2325) on the PRISM card for a buffered RAM, storing the big amount of statistic data, adjustment data and date/time. To prevent from a total data loss when this battery becomes empty some of the data is also stored within theflash PROMs (e.g. the total earnings).
More PRISM Card details can be found on the PRISM info page.

Game Software Update:

There are 3 ways to update the Pinball2000 game software. I prefer the last one:
- Change the complete PRISM card to a one with newer Software on it
- Update the game via Laptop, serial cable and Pinball2000 upgrade manager
- program a  PUB (prism update) Card in your PC and plug it into the Pinball2000 game
Details (in german) can be found here
For Problems with update see also  RFM / Ep1 Swap

The PC mainboard and Media GX CPU:

PB2K uses a PC mainboard in BAT formfactor with Cyrix Media GX processor on it. This cyrix processor and his cyrix bridge (CX5520) are obligatory for PB2K and not replaceable by any other PC mainboard or processor! Boards with a CX5510 bridge do start the P2K game code, but cannot display the P2K video output when the game has started. Boards with a CX5530 bridge don't work either. In 1999 these CX5520 boards (e.g. ST MGXM) did cost about 120 USD on free market and costed 300 USD as original WMS part.
The Lithium Battery used on the mainboard is responsible for keeping date and time. On all boards I have seen a CR2032 standard cell is used (cheap, 1$). Replace it when time is stalled or lost.   Jeff Arnold sold some new boards to the community in 2001, but today you need to search long to find used ones.
See a P2000 prototype board, a gift from george gomez to michael voss and me at expo 99   front side and  back side with 'reject' note by WMS.
The boards used for Pinball2000 series production looks a little bit different. I know that at least 3 different board types where used.
The PC mainboard, the PRISM card and the sound amplifier are located in an  industrial PC case. with a poor quality  powersupply. 

Hints for a longer and safe operation of P2K motherboard and CPU:
All original P2K boards that I found so far were jumpered for 233 Mhz operation, that means a busclock of 33 Mhz and a multiplyer of 7. This was done, although many games I found used a 266 Mhz CPU. But is this speed really needed?
RFM works sufficent with 180 Mhz while SWE1 works fine with 200 Mhz. So it is a good idea to reduce the speed, which the causes board and CPU to stay cooler and longer alive. This can be done in the easiest way = reducing the busclock from 33 Mhz to 30 Mhz (that makes the CPU run with 7*30Mhz):
On the Board with version V2.0 inscript you have to change on JP4 from A0 B1 to A0 B0
On the Board named 586GXM-AV you have to change JP2 from 2-4 1-3 to 4-6 3-5
You could also reduce the multiplicator from 7 to 6, but I do not think that this is really necessary.
Cooooooler gets the CPU, when you reduce the CPU core voltage. Most of the used Media GX CPUs 'need' 2,9V, what is printed on the CPU. In the meantime I found 200 Mhz CPUs, that only need 2,2V. You may want to reduce the voltage to the lowest value, where the CPU still runs stable. Try it!
There are 4 voltage jumpers on the mainboard. They work very simple:
To a base voltage of 2V the jumper adds 0,1V (=V1 or 1-2) ; 0,2V (=V2 or 3-4); 0,4V (=V3 or 5-6) and 0,8V (=V4 or 7-8).
So the lowest voltage you can have is 2,0V when all jumpers are open and 3,5V when all are set. If you set e.g. V1 and V8, which is the default, you get 2,9V. Have fun with your trial. Addon: When your P2K date no longer runs for shure, replace that CR2035 battery on your motherboard (just 1$).

The Monitor:

Pinball2000 uses a 19" CGA color monitor from  ducksan (CGM-1901CW) or  Wells Gardener (19K7302) (click on links to see first page of monitor manual). Wells Gardener has no longer PB2K monitors on stock!
For more monitor information and replacement alternatives! see the  Pinball2000 Monitor Infos.

The Powerdriver:

The powerdriver looks similar to the 'old' WPC powerdrivers but has many innovations:
- Coils are controlled with MOS-FET Transistors for more power
- No more GI. Instead of this the number of LAMP columns is doubled so 128 lamps are now switchable by CPU
- A lamp burnt detection has been implemented in lamp matrix (capcom hat a similar mechanism for good service)
- detection for power loss for several voltages - especially for coil voltage (door open)

Coin Acceptor:

As far as I know Pinball2000 was delivered to world market only with electronic coin acceptor (CASHFLOW 330)  (unlike WPC game, which came to germany mostly with 3 slot mechanical coin acceptors). Pinball2000 also may carry a bill acceptor or instead of this a barcode reader (expo 1999 tournament).
 
 

Service concept:

There were lots of improvements in the Pinball2000 service concept.
Details in german can be found  here
All switches, lamps and coils were shown onn the monitor screen during tests.
More Details in english:  coming soon
 
 

Swapping RFM with SWE1:

The official available SWE1 kit contains:
Manual
ROMs   -  no PRISM card!!!
Ball Shooter
Backflash
Large Decals for Cabinet and TOP sides and for below coin door.
Playfield
For installation instructions and troubleshooting See  The RFM / Ep1 Swap page

An RFM kit was never sold by WMS, but used translites/playfields are available. Ask me.
 
to be continued by  Wiest.


 
Martin Wiest - Started: 08.03.2000 - (German date format)